The doctrine of precedent is a key feature within the case law system

The doctrine of precedent is a key feature within the case law system. A doctrine of precedent is judges making decisions rationally based on laws that have been used over the years and must pay respect to judicial decisions. The doctrine of precedent involves two types of precedent; binding and persuasive. The first precedent being ‘binding’, which means that a court must follow existing laws that are bound to follow. For example, a lower court is bound to follow an applicable holding of a higher court in the same jurisdiction. The second precedent, ‘persuasive’, means a judge does have to be obliged by the law, but must remember the importance of reaching the decision