The book “The Birth of Republic
The book “The Birth of Republic, 1763-89” by Edmund S. Morgan, the author is excellent in telling the different point of view point of America throughout the American Revolution period. Morgan starts the points by telling the relationship between American colonies and the English Parliament. He focuses mainly on unfair taxation that was force between the colonies. The main argument that the author points out that caused the American Revolution happened because “the Americans reached the conclusion that Parliament lacked the authority to legislate for the colonies at all.” (ix-x) and trying to find the equality between their colonies. Furthermore, the author did not only tell the reader about what was the caused of the American Revolution and the extent to which it was actually revolutionary, but he also tells the reasons that lead to the war.
He began by examining the relationship between colonies of America and English Parliament. He focuses more on unfair taxation that force on the colonies by the English and Parliament. He states, “admitted Parliament’s right to use duties, from which an incident revenue might arise.” (36) It started in time of Seven Years’ War in 1763, British government want to get Stamp Act in exchange, but the colonist was not keen because the tax was too high because they had no one from the Parliament to tell them about levied the tax. “Throughout the war and after, Americans maintained that they were preserving the true tradition of English history, a tradition that has been upset by forces of darkness and corruption in England itself.” (7) In the end, British tried to put taxes on the Americans in the form of Townshend Act, which lead to heavily protest and boycott products and organization from English among the colonies. Morgan mostly talked about the revolutionary of the political aspects. He also discusses on how the problem can be solved and how the framers discuss and revise the articles that leads to new federal Constitution which formed the new basis of national government. Slavery and property were important issues that Morgan kept mentioning in the book.
Most of the writers and signers of the Declaration of Independence were men of property. Basically the white guys who controlled the land and its production before the American Revolution were the same white guys who controlled it after the American Revolution. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” (159) In contrast, some of the American population were slaves of African descent who were held as property and were not treated as equal to whites.
The book is an interesting story in American Revolutions. It showed that thirteen colonies converted into one country in the United States. After I read this book, I felt like I have a better understanding of what is going on during that period of time. Morgan try to proof the reader the main point of the book is true. He is trying to proof the equality of people in the colonies helps make what the country is todays’.