CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Chapter 1 – Introduction In this dissertation

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1 – Introduction
In this dissertation, researcher has researched about the addictive nature of the colloge goers in Coimbatore district towards pornography. The main reason to conduct a research in Coimbatore city is based on three main factors. They are : Climate, Status and diversity.

This Porn addiction topic seems to be an unusual to discuss because of the culture that we have been brought were sexual desires of a pervert is talked loudly and viewing pornography is a sin nowadays. It still remains a real issue for boys,girls,men and women.

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It is used to be a easy part for the parents to monitor their children in using internet but there are networks which provide faster connections that makes the usage irresistible that leads to a serious problem. Porn is a fantasy just like romantic and Sci-fi. Many experts have stated that it is been a serious issue in real romantic relationships.

Viewing pornography has been became an addictive nature to colloege students which may affect their day-to-day life which also may cause inability to have sex in real life,Occupation,self injury, relationship problems,etc..

This type of addiction may lead to unhealthy relationship towards graphic/ explicit contents. Porn contains such followed things : Magazines, videos,pictures, movies or graphic comics, etc.

Though much occursphishing, hacking, cracking, pornography, sexting, morphing plays a vital role in major victimization. Due to lack of awareness of the law, many have lost their lives. People in place of recovering and providing assistance and Justice lacksknowledge of networking too.People get lot of chance to lose their consciousness towards society. It increases the breaking of bonding within the family. It takes out the peace and harmony of a human. Most importantly it has taken out many lives of innocent souls.

People who all fond of using pornography might end in more progress towards extreme negative consequences which also may lead them to breakup in the real world and isolize themselves to a narrow way and hesitates to mingle with the common man withing their family.

As majority of the users are not aware of the problems that they are about to face in the vast society. People get lot of chance to lose their consciousness towards society. It increases the breaking of bonding within the family. It takes out the peace and harmony of a human. Due to lack of awareness , many have lost their lives. As majority of the users are not aware of the problems that they are about to face in the vast society. People get lot of chance to lose their consciousness towards society. It increases the breaking of bonding within the family. It takes out the peace and harmony of a human. Due to lack of awareness , many have lost their lives.

Pornography through internet may have harmful effects on adolescents. However, usage of the porngraphy doesnot stop here. College goers are consumers of internet pornography as well.

Violent Pornography : It contains images that explicit the violence of various degrees perpetuated against an individual by another or group.

Non-violent pornography : It contains images of no explicit content but may imply submissive or violent nature by the position of the models or the use of props. They also imply unequal relatioships by differential dress, positioning or costuming.

Erotica : It contains sexual images that have their focus of mutually pleasurable sexual expression between people interacting. They have no sexist or viloent connections and are hinged on equal power between individuals.

Non-concensual pornography : According to law professor at University of Miami, Mary Anne Franks, she states that revenge porn can be termed as Non-Concensual pornography which is more appropriate.

Statement of the problem :
The reasons for the researcher to pick on this topic is because of a major case happened in Tamilnadu. Those are : Vinupriya, a 21 year old girl who had committed suicide due to her morphed picture was released in internet by her neighbor. Where, she was being victimized again and again by the media, family members did not believe in her that she did not pose like that in the morphed picture. The case was filed under sections 65c,67&67A from IT Act 2000 on 23rd June 2016. She committed suicide on 26th June 2016, Facebook has replied on 28th June 2016 with the IP Address of the culprit. The IP which has been digged and provided by Facebook passed through 50 IP Addresses and 300 mobile numbers.

CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Chapter-2 Review of Literature
The internet enabled technology has changed the way of adolescents that they encounter and consume sexually explicit material. Once it was a telephone line attached to a personal computer but now, internet is availbale on laptop, video games, mobiles,etc., which has lead to the easy access towards pornography( Eric W. Owens, Richard J. Behun, Jill C. Manning & Rory C. Reid (2012) ).

The devices which are being enabled with internet have indiscriminately allowed people of all ages to consume,create and distribute sexually explicit content and it has become more common for adolescents worldwide (Flood,2007, Lo&Wei,2005).

Internet has become a highly sexualized environment and research has shown significant increase of adolescents who intentionally or accidentally encounters porngraphic materials online ( Peter & Valkenburg, 2006a, Mitchell, Wolak, & Finkelhor, 2007).

The volume and range of sexually explicit content in the internet are remarkably high in rate.The risk of cyber bullying, sexual victimization or harassment from others is real and pervasive (Coopersmith, 2006, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2011).

If a minor access to a porn site then he or she can simply click on the button with the label “Click here if you are 18 years of age or older”(FreemanLongo 2000).

Krauss and Russell(2008), states that if an individual is exposed to pornography in the earlier age then the person seems to have the chance of earlier onset of sexual contact.

CHAPTER 3
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Chapter –3 Research Methodology
This chapter contains the methods and sample selection done by the researcher to complete this study.

Objective:
To find the addictive level among college goers.

Hypothesis:
The respondents will have high addictive nature.

Universe:
The Universe of the study is decided to be College Goers in Coimbatore City, Tamilnadu.

Sample:
The sample of the study comprises all (willing) college students in Coimbatore City.

Sampling Technique:
The technique followed by the researcher for this study is Convenient Sampling in Non-Probability Sampling Technique.

Sample Size:
Totally 60 (Both Male & Female) samples were collected from the college students.

Data Collection:
The data for the study was collected using a tool developed by the researcher which includes addictive measure of the respondents.

Study Tool:
Researcher with the help of the guide has developed the Socio-economic demographic variable which remains the Part-I of the questionnaire. Part-II of the questionnaire shall consist of Addictive measurements.

Part-I Socio-demographic data sheet:
It used to collect personal data of the college students: Age, Sex, Marital Status, Year of study, recharge interval, Access of internet.

Part-II Addictive Measurement:
The questionnaire consists of 18 questions to be answered with the scale of 7 as never to all the time. Where addictive nature is measured with the total of 70 counts.

Pilot Study:
Pilot Study was carried out on a sample of 18 females college students in Coimbatore city, Tamilnadu. According to the result of pilot study, no modifications were done.

Field Work:
The researcher started to collect data from 25th March 2016 to 27th March 2016. The data was collected according to the research work circumstances. The researcher introduced to the respondents, the purpose and nature of the study were explained and complete confidentiality of the data was assured. The respondents were asked if they were interested and agreed to participate in the study. After that questionnaire was distributed and asked to complete the questions. Researcher also created a tool in Google form and sent through mail Ids and private messages to the respondents.

Ethical Consideration:
There is no risk in taking the samples during the application of the research. Each respondent were informed clearly about the need and purpose of the study. Researcher also emphasized that participation would be voluntary. The confidentiality of the data was maintained, explained and also printed in the questionnaire.

Statistical Analysis:
The obtained data was reviewed, prepared for computer processing, coded, analysed and tabulated. Data Entry was done by a computer software package, while statistical analysis was done by using statistical software package SPSS version 21. Data was presented in the form of mean, median, mode, one sample T-test and standard deviations.

Significance (One Sample T-Test):
The term “Significant” means important, while in statistics “Significant” means probably true. The P value is a probability, with a value ranging from zero to one.

P>0.10 No evidence against the null hypothesis. The data appear to be consistent with the null hypothesis.

0.05<P<0.10 Weak evidence against the null hypothesis in favour of the alternate hypothesis.

0.01<P<0.05 Moderate evidence against the null hypothesis in favour of the alternative.

0.001<P<0.01 Strong evidence against the null hypothesis in favour of the alternative.

P<0.001 Very Strong evidence against the null hypothesis in favour of the alternative.

Limitation of Study:
As the study was carried out some of the respondents felt that Questions are open.

CHAPTER 4
RESULT AND ANALYSIS
Chapter-4 Result and Analysis
Frequency :
Statistics
Addiction_Level Age
N Valid 60 60
Missing 0 0
Age :
Age
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 17 to 20 29 48.3 48.3 48.3
21 to 25 28 46.7 46.7 95.0
26 and above 3 5.0 5.0 100.0
Total 60 100.0 100.0 48.3% of the total respondents are of age category between 17 and 20.

Addiction Level :
Addiction_Level
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 0-20 5 8.3 8.3 8.3
20-40 12 20.0 20.0 28.3
40-60 29 48.3 48.3 76.7
60-80 11 18.3 18.3 95.0
80-100 3 5.0 5.0 100.0
Total 60 100.0 100.0 23.3% of the total population of the respondents are addicted towards pornography
Mean, Median, Mode :
Case Processing Summary
Cases
Included Excluded Total
N Percent N Percent N Percent
Addiction_Level * Age 60 100.0% 0 0.0% 60 100.0%
Report
Addiction_Level
Age Mean N Std. Deviation
17 to 20 2.90 29 .939
21 to 25 2.93 28 1.016
26 and above 3.00 3 1.000
Total 2.92 60 .962
One Sample t test:
Hypothesis :
The respondents will have high addictive nature.

Null Hypothesis : There is no significant value between age and addiction_level.

Alternate Hypothesis : There is a significant value between age addiction_level.

One-Sample Statistics
N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Mean
Addiction_Level 60 2.92 .962 .124
One-Sample Test
Test Value = 4
t df Sig. (2-tailed) Mean Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference
Lower Upper
Addiction_Level -8.724 59 .000 -1.083 -1.33 -.83
Since the significant (P) value is .000 which is less than 0.05, it is clearly shown that there is no significant relationship between age and addiction level.

CHAPTER 5
MAJOR FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION

Chapter 5- Major Findings and Conclusion
The major findings that are obtained from the research is there is no connection with climate,status and diversity with pornographic addiction.

Among the total population highest number of respondents(48.3%) belong to the age category og 17 and 20.

61.7% of the respondents are from Urban area.

45% of the respondents are pursuing their final year of the course.

48.3% of the respondents are in the middle stage of addiction.23.3% of the respondents are addicted towards pornography.

As the researcher has taken the study in Coimbatore city due to three major factors which are climate,Status and diversity for addiction in pornography seems to be more appropriate. Nearly 25% of the respondents have agreed they are addicted to porn and mostly 50% of the respondents are in the first stage of addiction.This clearly shows that accesibility of porn websites have increased a lot in the hands of youth which would lead to bond breakage in the family.
REFERENCES

References
Eric W. Owens, Richard J. Behun, Jill C. Manning & Rory C. Reid (2012) The Impact of Internet Pornography on Adolescents: A Review of the Research, Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 19:1-2, 99-122, DOI: 10.1080/10720162.2012.660431Flood, M. 2007. Exposure to pornography among youth in Australia. Journal of Sociology, 43: 45–60. Sage Journals. Retrieved April16,2018,from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1440783307073934Peter, J. and Valkenburg, P. M. 2006a. Adolescents’ exposure to sexually explicit online material and recreational attitudes toward sex. Communication Research,56: 639–660. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2006.00313.xWolak, J., Mitchell, K. and Finkelhor, D. 2007. Unwanted and wanted exposure to online pornography in a national sample of youth Internet users. Pediatrics, 119: 247–257
Ven-hwei Lo ; Ran Wei (2005) Exposure to Internet Pornography and Taiwanese Adolescents’ Sexual Attitudes and Behavior, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 49:2, 221-237, DOI: 10.1207/s15506878jobem4902_5
Jonathan Coopersmith (2006) Does Your Mother Know What You Really Do? The Changing Nature and Image of Computer Based Pornography, History and Technology, 22:1, 1-25,
 DOI: 10.1080/07341510500508610
Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2011. “A parents’ guide to Internet safety”.Retrievedfrom:  http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/parent-guideFreeman-Longo, R. 2000. Children, teens, and sex on the Internet. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 7: 75-90.

Krauss, S., and B. Russell. 2008. Early sexual experiences: The role of Internet access and sexually explicit material. CyberPsychology & Behavior 11: 162-168 
APPENDIX

A STUDY ON PORN ADDICTION AMONG COLLEGE GOERS IN COIMBATORE CITY
Note:
1.The data collected will be used only for academic purpose,kindly fill in the tool carefully.

2.No right or wrong answering(you may freely record your responses).

3.Your datawill be maintained confidential.

Age : ___________yrs
Gender : MFT
Course of Study : Year : I/II/III/IV.

Place of living : Urban / Rural.

Marital Status : Single / Married / Divorced / Widow / Widower.

Family Income :
<50,000 b. 50,001-1,00,000 c. 1,00,001-3,00,000 d. >3,00,000
Parents Occupation :
Mother Father
Pocket Money per day
<50 b. 51-100 c. >100 d.none
9.Internet Access :
a. Free WIFI b. Mobile data c. Net Sharing d.Others(specify)__________
10.Data pack recharge :
a. Self b. Father c.Mother d. Brother e.Sister f. Others(Specify)________.

11.Time Interval in recharge :
a.Daily b.Weekly c.Monthly d.3 Months e.Others(Specify)_________.

12. I felt that porn is an important part of my life
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

13.I used porn to restore the tranquillity of my feelings
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

14.I felt porn caused problems in my sexual life
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

15.I felt that I had to watch more and more porn for satisfaction
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

16.I unsuccessfully tried to reduce the amount of porn I watch
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

17. I became stressed when something prevented me from watching porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

18.I thought about how good it would be to watch porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

19.Watching porn got rid of my negative feelings
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

20.Watching porn prevented me from bringing out the best in me
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

21.I felt that I needed more and more porn in order to satisfy my needs
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

22.When I vowed not to watch porn any more, I could only do it for a short period oftime
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

23.I became agitated when I was unable to watch porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

24.I continually planned when to watch porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

25.I released my tension by watching porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

26.I neglected other leisure activities as a result of watching porn
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

27.I gradually watched more ‘extreme’ porn, because the porn I watched before was less satisfying
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

28.I resisted watching porn for only a little while before I relapsed
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.

29.I missed porn greatly when I didn’t watch it for a while
Never = 1, rarely = 2, occasionally = 3, sometimes = 4, often = 5, very often = 6, all the time = 7.